The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), is an attached office of the Planning Commission of India to issue Unique Identification Number "Aadhar" to citizens of India who desire to have it. It lacks legal or statutory authority at the present time.
About Rs. 35 billion (Rs.3,500 crore) has been spent totally on Aadhaar program from beginning (January-2009) till September-2013 with enrollment of 500 million (50 crore) persons. It includes operating costs as well as capital expenditure (infrastructure of land, building, machinery).
The AADHAAR number is not recognized as a legal proof of residence due to the issues with the data protection. India's Intelligence Bureau claims anyone with an Aadhaar number can introduce others without any documentation to get the identity number, which makes it vulnerable to terrorism and other issues.
The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register of usual residents of the country. It is being prepared at the local (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State and National level under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR. A usual resident is defined for the purposes of NPR as a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.
The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.
The initial collection of demographic particulars has been done by visiting each and every household in the country and canvassing a questionnaire. These questionnaires have been scanned. Using the scanned images, data entry of the particulars has been done.
For people living below poverty line, an illness not only represents a permanent threat to their income earning capacity, in many cases it could result in the family falling into a debt trap. When the need to get the treatment arises for poor families they often ignore it because of lack of resources, fearing wage loss, or wait till the last moment when it’s too late. Even if they do decide to get the desired health care it consumes their savings, forces them to sell their assets and property or cut other important spending like children’s education. Alternatively they have to take on huge debts. Ignoring the treatment may lead to unnecessary suffering and death while selling property or taking debts may end a family’s hope of ever escaping poverty.
These tragic outcomes can be avoided through a health insurance which shares the risk of a major health shock across many households by pooling them together. A well designed and implemented health insurance may both increase access to healthcare and may even improve its quality over time.
In the past Government have tried to provide a health insurance cover to selected beneficiaries either at the State level or National level. However, most of these schemes were not able to achieve their intended objectives. Often there were issues with either the design and/ or implementation of these schemes.
Keeping this background in mind, Government of India decided to design a health insurance scheme which not only avoids the pitfalls of the earlier schemes but goes a step beyond and provides a world class model. A critical review of the existing and earlier health insurance schemes was done with the objective of learning from their good practices as well as seeks lessons from the mistakes. After taking all this into account and also reviewing other successful models of health insurance in the world in similar settings, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna was designed.
RSBY has been launched by Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India to provide health insurance coverage for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families. The objective of RSBY is to provide protection to BPL households from financial liabilities arising out of health shocks that involve hospitalization. Beneficiaries under RSBY are entitled to hospitalization coverage up to Rs. 30,000/- for most of the diseases that require hospitalization. Government has even fixed the package rates for the hospitals for a large number of interventions. Pre-existing conditions are covered from day one and there is no age limit. Coverage extends to five members of the family which includes the head of household, spouse and up to three dependents. Beneficiaries need to pay only Rs. 30/- as registration fee while Central and State Government pays the premium to the insurer selected by the State Government on the basis of a competitive bidding.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is an Indian law that aims to guarantee the 'right to work' and ensure livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
In accordance with the Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that defines the right to work as a basic human right, this law guarantees the right to work to the people of India and hence is termed as a "People’s Act".
Further conforming to the Article 21 of the Constitution of India that guarantees the right to life with dignity to every citizen of India, this act imparts dignity to the rural people through an assurance of livelihood security. People of rural areas are entitled to employment under the act, failing which the government is liable to pay an unemployment allowance within the stipulated time of 15 days. For poverty alleviation and rural development, the mission of MGNREGA is to provide job on demand in order to ensure livelihood security and at the same time create durable assets to augment basic resources available to the poor.
CCTNS is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India. CCTNS aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing through adopting of principle of e-Governance and creation of a nationwide networking infrastructure for evolution of IT-enabled-state-of-the-art tracking system around 'Investigation of Crimes and Detection of Criminals'. It will not only automate Police functions at Police station and higher levels but will also create facilities and mechanism to provide public services like registration of online complaints, ascertaining the status of case registered at the police station, verification of persons etc. An allocation of Rs. 2000 crores has been made for CCTNS Project. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the project on 19.06.2009.
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is currently going to implement a program to facilitate introduction of e-Governance in Police Stations all over India through the design and implementation of a Crime & Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS).
MEF, the global community for mobile content and commerce, in partnership with KPMG has embarked on a major study of mobile businesses in Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa. With the mobile industry contributing 3.5% towards to continent's total GDP and being home to some of the world's fastest growing economies, the African mobile market is forecast to quadruple in seven years, growing from a combined value of US$60 billion in 2013 to around US$245 billion in 2020.
The MEF Africa Office was launched in 2012 supported by Vodacom. The independent report will highlight major mobile content and commerce trends that are driving this growth, assessing business confidence and help lay the foundations for a sustainable mobile future.
The results of the study will be published at MEF Connects AfricaCom in November. To take part in the study please complete a 10 minute online questionnaire. As an added bonus, MEF member, Samsung Africa, has provided four Galaxy S4s and survey respondents will be entered into a draw to win one of these smartphones.
Public Distribution System (PDS) is an Indian food security system. Established by the Government of India under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution and managed jointly with state governments in India, it distributes subsidized food and non-food items to India's poor. Major commodities distributed include staple food grains, such as wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene, through a network of Public distribution shops, also known as Ration shops established in several states across the country. Food Corporation of India, a Government-owned corporation, procures and maintains the Public Distribution System.
In terms of both coverage and public expenditure, it is considered to be the most important food security network. However, the food grains supplied by the ration shops are not enough to meet the consumption needs of the poor or are of inferior quality. The average level of consumption of PDS grains in India is only 1 kg per person / month. The PDS has been criticised for its urban bias and its failure to serve the poorer sections of the population effectively. The targeted PDS is costly and gives rise to much corruption in the process of extricating the poor from those who are less needy. Today, India has the largest stock of grain in the world besides China, the government spends Rs. 750 billion ($13.6 billion) per year, almost 1 percent of GDP, yet 21% remain undernourished. Distribution of food grains to poor people throughout the country is managed by state governments. As of date there are about 5 million Fair Price Shops (FPS) across India.
The Voter Identity card is used as a significant document across India, for identity in plenty of tasks. An application form regarding online voter id registration can be downloaded using internet services. It is required to be filled if you wish to acquire your card for Voter Identification effortlessly. Forms available online regarding registration of the voters are provided by several websites.
Since, you must have an idea regarding diverse advertisements that are broadcasted over the television related to online voter id registration such as the Jaagore.com, which has made programs for helping the people of India in order to get both males as well as females registered so that they can cast their votes in an easy manner. The foremost step that has been taken by them is to facilitate the voters in getting the most important document, which are the voter identification cards that are used during voting.
Government of India, commenced the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011, in June 2011 through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country. This is the first time such a comprehensive exercise is being carried out for both rural and urban India.
The entire exercise will be paperless, done on handheld electronic device (tablet PC). This will drastically reduce data entry errors and enumerator discretion.
The National Population Register (NPR) is a comprehensive identity database to be maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, and Government of India (RGI).
At a time when information and data are becoming an integral part of every organization, people have realized that paper records, books, and journals are not as handy or safe as CD- ROMs. Information must be stored in such media that the storage is safe and the retrieval is quick. The age of Data Digitization has begun.
Digitization is the process by which physical or manual records such as text, images etc. are converted into digital forms. This is of paramount importance when projects need directions based on already established facilities and the implementing agency needs to find the scope for expansion. We have to make data entry of the scanned images which were provided to us by RGI through NIELIT - Formerly DOEACC, Aurangabad in the software . We have to make the data entry at block level in the software.
Permanent Account Number (PAN) is unique alphanumeric combination issued to all juristic entities identifiable under the Indian Income Tax Act 1961. It is issued by the Indian Income Tax Department under the supervision of the Central Board for Direct Taxes (CBDT) and it also serves as an important ID proof.
This number is almost mandatory for financial transactions such as opening a bank account, receiving taxable salary or professional fees, sale or purchase of assets above specified limits etc. The primary purpose of PAN is to bring a universal identification key factor for all financial transactions and indirectly prevent tax evasion by keeping a track of monetary transactions of high net worth individuals. The PAN is unique, national, and permanent. It is unaffected by the change of address, even between states.
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is the wireless non-contact use of radio-frequency electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking tags attached to objects. The tags contain electronically stored information. Some tags are powered by and read at short ranges (a few meters) via magnetic fields (electromagnetic induction). Others use a local power source such as a battery, or else have no battery but collect energy from the interrogating EM field, and then act as a passive transponder to emit microwaves or UHF radio waves (i.e., electromagnetic radiation at high frequencies). Battery powered tags may operate at hundreds of meters. Unlike a bar code, the tag does not necessarily need to be within line of sight of the reader, and may be embedded in the tracked object.
RFID tags are used in many industries. An RFID tag attached to an automobile during production can be used to track its progress through the assembly line. Pharmaceuticals can be tracked through warehouses. Livestock and pets may have tags injected, allowing positive identification of the animal. On off-shore oil and gas platforms, RFID tags are worn by personnel as a safety measure, allowing them to be located 24 hours a day and to be quickly found in emergencies.
Since RFID tags can be attached to clothing, possessions, or even implanted within people, the possibility of reading personally-linked information without consent has raised privacy concerns.